Systematic reviews such as these are just one of many ways in academic writing to accumulate the current state-of-the-art in a relevant field of research. But fear not, we’ve got PRISMA as our guiding star. PRISMA stands for “Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses.” In this episode, we will embark on a journey to let you understand what systematic reviews are and how you could use this extraordinary tool to capture an aerial photo from your research. We will also introduce the PRISMA guidelines to equip you with the relevant toolbox to start using this methodology in your own research.


Higgins, J., Altman, D., Gøtzsche, P., Jüni, P., Moher, D., Oxman, A., Savović, J., Schulz, K. F., Weeks, L., & Sterne, J. A. C. (2011). The Cochrane collaboration’s tool for assessing risk of bias in randomised trials. BMJ, 343(oct18 2), d5928-d5928.

Page, M. J., McKenzie, J. E., Bossuyt, P. M., Boutron, I., Hoffmann, T. C., Mulrow, C. D., Shamseer, L., Tetzlaff, J. M., Akl, E. A., Brennan, S. E., Chou, R., Glanville, J., Grimshaw, J. M., Hróbjartsson, A., Lalu, M. M., Li, T., Loder, E. W., Mayo-Wilson, E., McDonald, S., … Moher, D. (2021). The PRISMA 2020 statement: An updated guideline for reporting systematic reviews. Systematic Reviews, 10(1), 89.

Stang, A. (2010). Critical evaluation of the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale for the assessment of the quality of nonrandomized studies in meta-analyses. European Journal of Epidemiology, 25(9), 603-605.

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